Please answer the following 8 questions and respond to the discussion question.
2. Alcohol use and misuse have become some of society’s greatest problems. How does alcohol cause physical and psychological dependence? What are the long-term problems associated with alcohol abuse? Describe one widely used form of therapy for those struggling with alcohol abuse.
3. Compare and contrast heroin and cocaine in terms of the physiological properties of the drugs, the forms in which the drugs are normally taken, and the prevalence of abuse of each.
4. Nicotine use and abuse through smoking cigarettes affects around 27 percent of Americans. What are the effects of tobacco use disorder? Why is tobacco use disorder so difficult to treat? What are two treatments for tobacco use disorder?
14. Explain the dangers of opioid use?
19. Select three of the following sexual dysfunctions: erectile disorder, early ejaculation, female orgasmic disorder, vaginismus. Define and discuss possible causes of each dysfunction.
25. Define pedophilic disorder, being sure to describe the “typical” individual with this disorder. Second, describe a form of therapy that has been used with pedophiles.
32. What is “sexting?” Then, explain if this practice is considered normal or abnormal?
33. Watch the video “Sexual Dysfunctions” below and then answer the following questions: Should drugs be used only to correct sexual disorders or also to improve sexual experience and performance? What does this research reveal about human sexual motivation across the life span? Should drugs be used to eliminate all negative emotions if possible? Why or why not?
What has long been called multiple personality disorder has recently been renamed dissociative identity disorder (DID) in the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). But one thing that remains the same about the disorder is the controversy and differences of opinion that it generates. A recent sample of 425 professional psychologists sheds some light on these differences and on some developing consensus in the field as well (Cormier & Thelen, 1998). Overall, there was a wide range of skepticism regarding the validity of the disorder itself, ranging from 5 percent of the respondents who expressed extreme skepticism, to 46 percent who expressed no skepticism whatsoever. While most respondents believed that DID stems from severe childhood abuse (85 percent), a significant percentage also believed that it can be created via suggestion, shaping, or reinforcement (38 percent), feigned for the purposes of secondary gain (28 percent), or even developed from exposure to books and movies (15 percent). Overall indications are that the field has yet to develop a consensus regarding critical issues in the field of DID, and this lack of consensus may hamper legitimate efforts to diagnose, treat, and further study what remains the most controversial of the dissociative disorders. (Cormier, J.F. and Thelen, M.H. (1998). Professional skepticism of multiple personality disorder. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29, 163–167.
What do you think of the possibility of having multiple personalities or identities (a la Sybil)? What problems do you see with identifying this disorder? Do you see any possibility that these persons may actual be demonically possessed? If so, why? If not, why not?